Medical Marijuana: Understanding The Science Behind THC and CBD

Medical marijuana continues to be quite a revelation in the medical world. As a result, legalization continues to grow in the United States and across the continents.

Cannabis sativa, or hemp, prefers warm and dry climate to thrive. The plant has other names that include green, weed, herb, pot, hemp, ganja, hash and so many others. Marijuana has been in use for a long time as medicine, it is only recently that the medical world is beginning to take notice of the numerous therapeutic benefits of THC and CBD, some of the compounds in the plant.


The more popular compound in marijuana is THC because of its psychoactive effects. It is the compound that produces the high that most marijuana consumers love.

CBD or cannabidiol is the least controversial compound associated with a host of medical benefits. It has very little or no intoxicating effects among the 100 other compounds. Most of the CBD strains available do not cause any intoxicating effects, and the patients do not report any amount of impact on consciousness.

Other benefits of cannabidiol include providing relief for a variety of conditions such as insomnia, anxiety, and other critical conditions such as epilepsy. Dravet syndrome (SMEI) is a form of epilepsy that affects children and is difficult to control. However, particular high CBD strains and products are effective in its management.

Healing Properties of Marijuana

Several studies show that CBD is useful in the management of a variety of conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, movement disorders, multiple sclerosis, neuropathic pain, nausea, and anorexia, among others. The CBD oil for anxiety among other treatments are currently in use and are demonstrating efficiency.

Various research centers are also exploring the anticancer effect of CBD. Together with radiation therapy, CBD may slow down the growth of cancer cells in the brain.

The FDA approved marijuana-based prescription is Dronabinol. The active ingredient is THC and is quite effective in the treatment of nausea and vomiting experienced by HIV/AIDS patients. However, because of the psychoactive ingredient from marijuana, the prescription causes an enhanced sensation, euphoria, and lapse in short-term memory.

Other Uses of Medical Marijuana

Medical marijuana is most effective in the management of severe pain associated with broken bones and post-surgery pain. It can also be useful in reducing chronic pain that plagues a lot of people in the United States. Medical marijuana is far less addictive and safer compared to opiates.

Unlike opiates, patients claim that medical marijuana allows them to resume their everyday activities. It is an excellent muscle relaxant, and patients who have Parkinson's Disease can significantly benefit. There are claims that medical marijuana is also useful in interstitial cystitis, fibromyalgia, endometriosis, and other conditions that cause chronic pain.

One of the areas with so much promise is the use of medical marijuana is in the treatment of PTSD that affect many returning veterans from the battleground. Veterans and their therapists claim that it is efficient, and are calling for fewer restrictions, and more studies.

The Drawbacks

One major drawback of prescribing marijuana is the ambivalence by the medical community in the use of hemp. As a result, many patients are not confident in broaching the subject with them for fear of criticism or scolding. It seems as if doctors are taking time to catch up on the subject of medical marijuana.

There's also a thin line between medical marijuana and recreational marijuana, at least for most people and their physicians. (In most states, like CA it is a difference of taxation and regulation--that plant source material is mostly the same.) In particular, recreational marijuana can have a long-term effect on the developing frontal lobes of young people below the age of 25. As a result, it can hurt the thought process and memory, in the long run.

Cannabis and its components are not part of the current medical curriculum, and differentiating between the different effects of the compounds by doctors is not simple.

When bogged down with paperwork, insurance, a significant number of patients and new research makes it hard for doctors to sufficiently understand the subject, and incorporate into their medical practice. Currently, several studies will help determine the efficiency of cannabis in the treatment of various chronic conditions such as cancer, and as a non-opiate alternative to pain.


Medical marijuana has shown promise as an alternative to non-opiate treatment for pain. There are more than 100 compounds in cannabis with the most popular being THC and CBD. Cannabidiol or CBD has medicinal properties that may be efficient in the treatment and management of various conditions such as PTSD, anorexia, nausea and vomiting, Parkinson's Disease and epilepsy.

There are also various studies on how medical marijuana may help in the treatment of cancer and other chronic diseases. Medical marijuana is showing so much promise in the medical world, and people with chronic illnesses can finally have hope.

Author Bio: Jessica has been closely studying the cannabis industry trends from quite some time. Intrigued by the booming growth of this sector, she takes an interest in penning down her views providing quality insight on current marijuana trends, particularly medical cannabis.

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